Purnima (also called Poornima, Sanskrit: पूर्णिमा) is the full moon day in traditional Hindu calendar.
In South India, the day is known as Pournami,
it is called “Puranmashi” in the state of Punjab and some parts of northern India.
Poornima fasting might be observed either on the day of Poornima or one day before depending upon the starting time of Poornima tithi as per Hindu Lunar calendar.
1) MONTH OF PAUSH ( Jan)
a) Full moon (Paush poornima) celebration
Devi Shakambari, who is an incarnation of deity Durga, is worshipped on this day.
Pushyaabhishek Yatra (पुष्यभिषेक यात्रा).
Jain people celebrate as a start of Pushyaabhishek Yatra (पुष्यभिषेक यात्रा).
Taking a dip in any holy waters of Ganga and Yamuna is considered auspicious on this day. Devotees believe that a holy dip in sacred river Ganga and Yamuna on this day frees the soul from cycle of reincarnation.
b) Paush Krishna Ekadashi
c ) Paush Shukl Ekadashi
2) MONTH OF MAGH ( Feb)
a)Magha Full moon celebration 🌝
‘Holy Dip festival’
across the country,a dip in the Ganga on this day holds high religious merit.
Pari- Nirvan/ Resurrection Declaration
In Buddhism, there is a special significance of this day. It is believed that Gautam Buddha announced his impending death on this day.
Guru Ravidas Jayanti or Birthday
Bhairav Jayanti or Birthday
b) Magha, Krishna paksh
c) Magha Shukl paksh
3) MONTH OF PHALGUN(March)
a)Phalgun full 🌕 moon celebration
Colorful festival of Holi is celebrated on the Phalgun Poornima
This day is also believed to be the appearance day of Goddess Lakshmi.
b) Phalgun Krishan paksh
c) Phalgun Shukl paksh
4) MONTH OF CHAITRA (April ).
a) Chaitra full moon
Chaitra Poornima is the first Poornima in the year according to Hindu lunar calendar.
the birth anniversary of Hanuman.
Chitra Gupta Worship
In some parts of India, people also worship Diety Chitra Gupta, who was a scribe to Lord Yama.
Lord Shri Krishna organised a Maha Ras Utsav in the Braj region on Chaitra Purnima day.
b) Chaitra Krishna paksh
c) Chaitra Shukl paksh
c1) the 9th day of Shukl paksh
C1a) Ram Navmi;
The festival celebrates the descent of Hari tatav as shri Rama avatar, through his birth to King Dasharatha and Queen Kausalya in Ayodhya. The festival is a part of the spring Navratri, and falls on the ninth day of the bright half (Shukla Paksha) in the Hindu calendar month of Chaitra. This typically occurs in the Gregorian months of March or April every year.
C1 b ) SWAMI NARAYAN ( Akshardham) JAYANTI
c2) Chaitra Shukl Ekadashi
5) MONTH OF VAISHAKH ( May ).
a) Vaishakh Full moon celebration
A1) BHAGWAN PARSHURAM BIRTHDAY
The day falls in the Shukla Paksha Tritiya in the month of Vaishakh.
It is believed that Lord Parshuram was born during the Pradosh Kala.
Once Tritiya begins during the Kala period, the time is considered appropriate for observing Parshurama Jayanti.
A2) Buddha Poornima.
It is celebrated as Buddha Poornima to commemorate the birth anniversary, Enlightenment and Mahaparinirvana (death anniversary) of the Gautama Buddha.
b) Vaishakh Krishna Ekadshi
C) Vaishakh Shukl paksh
MONTH OF JYAISTHA ( June ).
a) Jyaistha Full moon celebration
Vat Poornima or Vatasavitri Vrat
Fasting is observed by married women to prolong their husbands health and lead a happy married life.
Jagannath Purnima, Snan purnima and Devasnana purnima in Orissa,
at the Jagannath Puri temple.
b) Jyaistha Krishan paksh
C1) Jyaistha Shukl paksh
7) MONTH OF ASHADHA (July).
a) Ashadha full moon celebration
A1) Guru Poornima,
a day sacred to the memory of the great sage Maharshi Veda Vyasa. This day is dedicated to spiritual and academic teachers.
Shravan month is observed as one of the holiest months of the Hindu calendar.
2) Narali Purnima
3) Hayagriva Jayanthi
Festival of tying sacred thread to sisters & brothers is also celebrated on this Poornima.
b ) Ashadha Krishna paksh
C) Ashadha Shukl paksh
B1) 5th day
Nag Panchami Puja is performed on the fifth day of the bright half
Mantra of Nag Puja
सर्वे नागाः प्रीयन्तां मे ये केचित् पृथ्वीतले।
ये च हेलिमरीचिस्था येऽन्तरे दिवि संस्थिताः॥
ये नदीषु महानागा ये सरस्वतिगामिनः।
ये च वापीतडगेषु तेषु सर्वेषु वै नमः॥
Meaning of Mantra:
All the snakes who are staying in this world, sky, heaven, sun-rays, lakes, wells, ponds etc. bless us, we all bow to you.
Mantra of Nag Puja
अनन्तं वासुकिं शेषं पद्मनाभं च कम्बलम्।
शङ्ख पालं धृतराष्ट्रं तक्षकं कालियं तथा॥
एतानि नव नामानि नागानां च महात्मनाम्।
सायङ्काले पठेन्नित्यं प्रातःकाले विशेषतः।
तस्य विषभयं नास्ति सर्वत्र विजयी भवेत्॥
Meaning of Mantra:
Ananta, Vasuki, Shesha, Padmanabha, Kambala, Shankhapala, Dhritarashtra, Takshaka, Kaliya and others are respected. One who chants their name every evening and morning will be protected from all evils and would become victorious in life.
C) Ashadha Shukl
C1) 6th day
Kumar Sashti also known as ‘Skanda Sashti’ is an important Hindu festival that is dedicated to Lord Kartikeya, who is the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.
Lord Kartikeya is worshipped by different names like ‘Kumar’, ‘Muruga’, ‘Subramanya’ and therefore the name ‘Kumar Sashti’.
Kumar Sashti is observed on the ‘sashti’ (6th day) during the Shukla Paksha (the bright fortnight of moon) in the month of ‘Ashadh’ in the Hindu calendar.
As per the Hindu legends it is believed that on this auspicious day, Lord Kartikeya appeared on Earth to defeat the demon named, ‘Adharma’.
9th MONTH OF BHAD- PRADA ( September).
Bhadprada a) Poornima
a) full moon 🌝 of BHAD- prada; celebration
In the Tamil Solar calendar, the Bhadrapada month is known as Purattaasi.
Maha Mrityunjaya Havan.
Bhadrapada Poornima is the best day to perform Maha Mrityunjaya Havan.
Pitru Paksha Sraddha
It is considered auspicious to perform Pitru Paksha Sraddha on next day of Bhadrapada Poornima.
B) Bhad-prada Krishan Ekadashi
Hari Avatar Vamana Jayanti; Hindus of Patiala-Ambala-Nahan region celebrate a traditional festival named “Bawan Dwadashi” (Vamana Jayanti). The festival is dedicated to worship of Bhagvan Vamana who appeared on this day & performed Uddhara of King Bali (grandson of Sri Vishnu devotee Prahlad). This festival is recorded in documents pertaining British rule.The Travellers Companion published in 1907 mentions about this festival terming it as largest and most important fair of (Ambala) district. Processions of Thakur (Vishnu) are taken all around city. The Tradition is still continued by Hindus of Patiala, Ambala, Jagadhari (Yamuna Nagar) and Nahan (Sirmaur) when deities from temples are taken out in a procession on “Bhadon Sudi Dwadashi” (Bhadon=Bhadrapada).
C) Bhad-prada Shukl Ekadshi
MONTH OF ASHWIN ( October).
a) Ashwin Poornima
full moon 🌝 of Ashwin; celebration
Sharad Poornima, Kojagiri Poornima
This Poornima is also popular by other names such as Sharad Poornima, Kojagiri Poornima or Kaumudi (meaning moonlight). It marks the end of monsoon. It is believed that on this night Goddess Lakshmi visits from place to place asking Kojagari (meaning “Who is awake”) and bless those who are found awake.
b) Ashwin Krishan paksh
C) Ashwin Shukl paksh
11) MONTH OF KARTIK (November).
a) Kartik Full moon 🌝 celebration
A1) Tripuri Purnima.
This Poornima is also known by other names such as Deva Deepavali or Tripuri Purnima.
As per scriptures, this day marks the defeat of demon Tripura by the Almighty Shiva .
Lord Karthikeya is the main deity worshiped on this day, along with Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu.
A2) Guru Nanak Birthday
In Sikhism, it is celebrated as Guru Nanak Dev Birthday.
In Jainism, it is celebrated as a day of Pushkar Mela.
Kartik Krishan Ekadashi
Kartik Shukl Ekadashi
1) Devotthan, Devuthani or Prabodhini Ekadashi.
Ekadashi in Shukla Paksha of Kartik month is known as
This Ekadashi comes after Diwali. As Lord Vishnu sleeps on Ekadashi of Shukla Paksha in Ashadh month and wakes up on Ekadashi of Shukla Paksha in Kartik month, that is why this Ekadsahi is known as Devotthan Ekadashi.
According to some religious beliefs, Lord Vishnu wakes up after 4 months of sleeping in Kshirsagar on this Ekadashi day.
During these four months period, no auspicious tasks is performed.
After that, wake up Lord Vishnu from his slumber by ringing bells and blowing Conch (Shankha) while repeating these words: Utho Deva, Batho Deva, Aanguria Chatkao Deva, Nayi Soot, Nayi Kapas, Deva Uthaye Kartik Masa
From this Devotthan Ekadashi onwards, when Shri Hari wakes up, all religious and auspicious activities begin. On this day, Tulsi Vivah (marriage) is also performed
12) MONTH OF MARGA-SHIRSHA ( December).
A) Full moon 🌝 celebration Margashirsha
A1) Battesi Poornima.
As per beliefs, working selflessly for others’ welfare on this day, earns blessings that are 32 times more than any other day.
A2) Dattatreya Jayanti.
It is also celebrated as birthday of Lord Dattatreya.
B) Margashirsha Krishna paksh
C1) Margashirsha Shukla paksh
C1b) GITA JAYANTI
The day Lord Krishna gave surmon to Arjun on Margashirsha Shukla Ekadashi.
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